Understanding the ‘Try and Except’ Statement in Python
Python programming language is known for its simple yet powerful syntax that can be easily understood by beginners as well as experienced programmers. One of the most important features of Python is the try and except statement, which is used to handle errors and exceptions in Python code.
What is the ‘Try and Except’ Statement in Python?
The ‘try and except’ statement is a fundamental feature of Python that is used to handle the runtime errors that may occur during the execution of a Python program. It allows you to test a block of code for errors and to handle these errors gracefully by executing a piece of code designed to handle them.
In other words, the ‘try and except’ statement lets you try a block of code and if any error occurs, it handles it with the code written in the except block.
How Does It Work?
The syntax for ‘try and except’ statement is as follows:
# block of code to be executed
# block of code to handle the errors
The ‘try’ block contains the code that is to be executed. If an error occurs during the execution of this block, Python will look for an ‘except’ block that corresponds to that particular error.
If Python finds the corresponding ‘except’ block, it jumps to that block and executes the code inside it. If no exception occurs during the execution of the try block, Python simply ignores the except block and moves on to the next piece of code.
Types of Exception Handling Statements
In Python, there are three types of exception handling statements. They are:
1. try and except statement: The basic exception handling statement in Python.
2. try, except, and else statement: The ‘else’ statement is used when no exception occurs in the ‘try’ block.
3. try, except, else and finally statement: The ‘finally’ statement is used to execute a block of code regardless of whether an exception occurred during the execution of the try block or not.
Here is an example of how the ‘try and except’ statement works in Python:
x = int(input(“Enter a number: “))
y = int(input(“Enter another number: “))
print(x / y)
print(“You cannot divide by zero!”)
print(“Please enter integers only!”)
In the above example, if the user enters a non-integer value for ‘x’ or ‘y’, then a ‘ValueError’ exception will be raised and Python will execute the corresponding except block.
Similarly, if the user enters ‘0’ for ‘y’, then a ‘ZeroDivisionError’ exception will be raised and the corresponding except block will be executed.
The ‘try and except’ statement is a powerful feature of Python that allows you to handle errors and exceptions that occur during the execution of a program. By using this statement, you can gracefully handle any exception that may occur and ensure that your program continues to run smoothly.
It is important to note that while you can use the ‘try and except’ statement to handle exceptions, it is always better to avoid exceptions in the first place by writing code that is error-free and robust.